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KULA & CABAC @ Expo2015 : Aide-Memoire

                                                                                    

 

A.  Introduction and Background

Africa’s GDP is on the rise, and improved varieties of banana, corn, or cassava are produced on the continent. 

Yet, despite these improvements, one in eight people do not get enough food to be healthy and lead an active life in Africa, resulting in 2.6 million children under five dying each year of malnutrition – one third of the global total.

Africa is developing a vision of economic by reinventing agricultural and food systems. Africa can indeed produce enough food not only for its own population but also in order to export a growing surplus, thus ensuring global food security.

Global population will continue to grow over the coming decades, and it will grow fastest in cities. To feed the world's estimated 9 billion people in 2050, agricultural production will have to rise by 70%. Much of that increase will need to come from Africa. 

The African Union declared 2014 as their Year of Agriculture and Food Security, marking the 10th anniversary of Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Programme (CAADP). Under this framework, the African leaders have collectively committed themselves to defining a new agricultural agenda for the continent. Their efforts are supported by organizations that share a similar vision of the potential of the African continent and are keen to upgrade Africa’s agricultural landscape in the realization that a boost in this sector will vastly improve the lives of the rural poor.

Furthermore, the 66th UN General Assembly declared 2014 as the “International Year of Family Farming".

Africa’s food industry (to be invented!) must turn our continent into the world's largest exporter of processed food products. For that purpose, it  will have to adapt to the evolution of international trade, while new policies are being developed and the quality of agricultural production enhanced to ensure  genuine partnership between all players in the sector. 

Africa’s ability to sustain its current rapid growth will depend largely on how quickly it will be able to shift from reliance on traditional commodity markets to modern economic structures that focus on technology-driven development. The hope for the future growth of the agricultural industry sector in Africa has been rekindled by a new crop of leaders who have recognized that enhanced agricultural performance is key to moving towards broad based economic performance in Africa. 

To play its natural role as the world bread-basket, Africa needs to accelerate technical change and productivity growth. This conference offers  all stakeholders and the donor community the opportunity to listen to African voices addressing agricultural industry priorities defined by Africans after close to two decades of neglect and to respond to them.

We have the brainpower and the ability to come up with our own homegrown solutions to our problems. Thus, the following 5-point Afrocentric Agricultural Development Agenda (2ADA) is the outcome of our Afrocentric mindset:

  1. Reforms and transformation programs:  agri-food system transformation (in farming, wholesale, warehouse, processing, and retail systems) and intensification of farm technology (the agricultural transformation). This represents 50-60% of the African food market, in contrast with the global export market representing approximately 5-10% of marketed food supply.
  2. Science, technology and innovation: Investing in a home-grown science, technology, innovation and learning agenda that is responsive to the needs and goals of Africans for economic transformation. This should include Biotechnology which is another important area that promises to transform Africa.
  3. Engagement of the African Diaspora and Afro-descendants: by tapping into vast quantities of African technical knowledge available worldwide.
  4. Enabling environment to support smallholder and family farmers: application of the Agro-Ecological Zones (AEZ) methodology; support to farmer organizations and cooperatives to achieve scale, finance instruments and targeted social protection programs and risk management instruments to increase resilience.
  5. Partnerships, Technical Cooperation, and Funding Mechanisms: country, regional, continental levels and identification, design and implementation of sustained technical cooperation projects.

B.  Conference Objectives and Expected Outcomes

The Conference is suggested to dialogue and focus on five priority areas of action needed to accelerate transformation and development:

  1. Reforms and transformation programs
  2. Science, technology and innovation
  3. Engagement of the African Diaspora and afro-descendant
  4. Enabling environment to support smallholder and family farmers
  5. Partnerships and Technical Cooperation

The Conference will: 

  1. Enable the organizers to exert greater pressure on African governments and international policy makers to take Afrocentric actions
  2. Encourage African governments to evaluate their own efforts and to prioritize appropriate actions for the benefit of Africa.

 The Conference will also provide key recommendations with respect to the implementation of the 5-point Afrocentric Agricultural Development Agenda (2ADA).

 

CABAC'15 will be organized on 02 May 2015 in Milan (Italy) during Expo2015. Pan-African leaders and former Presidents will be in attendance.

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